Elmina Castle is historically important as it is the earliest European construction in the Gulf of Guinea, and the oldest castle in sub-Saharan Africa.

Building at the castle commenced in 1482 and was finished in 1486. It was first named São Jorge da Mina. It was used for gold and ivory trade mainly at the beginning.

In 1637 the Dutch army bombarded the castle from a nearby hill and took over control of it. They renamed it Elmina Castle and built another fort on the hill they used to attack Elmina castle from to prevent others to attack it.

After they took over control of the castle the Dutch enlarged it and restored it. It continued to be used as a trade center for gold and ivory as well as a slave center until 1814 when the Dutch abolished the slave trade.

It is estimated that about 30000 slaves were traded every year in Elima until slave trading was abolished.

In 1872, Elima castle passed to British hands, but it wasn’t used as a trade center anymore. After the independence of Ghana, from 1957 Elima was used as a school and a police center for recruits.

In 1996 a museum was opened in Elima castle. Entrance fee is $7 for a foreign adult and $4 for students and $2 for children.

The Elmina Castle is open for visits daily between 9:00 to 16:30.

Kakum National Park, located in the coastal environs of the Central Region of Ghana, covers an area of 375 square kilometres (145 sq mi). Established in 1931 as a reserve, it was gazetted as a national park only in 1992 after an initial survey of avifauna was conducted. The area is covered with tropical forest.

Kakum National Park  is a home for nature lovers. Trained guides are on hand to explain the economic, cultural, and medicinal values of plants and farming. Fifteen kilometers from Cape Coast is the serene, golden beach of Brenu Akyinim, a 3-kilometer stretch of sandy beachwhich provides an excellent site for swimming, sun bathing, and bird watching.

Tourism numbers have increased over the years: 2,000 in 1992; 27,000 in 1996; over 70,000 tourists in 1999; and it attracted 135,870 visitors during 2009.

In 2007 there were 100,000 tourists at Kakum, according Ms. Ernestina Anim, a director at the park.The total number of visitors to the park, 70 per cent were Ghanaians. “Of the 70 per cent Ghanaians visitor, 15 per cent are adults and 55 per cent are children and of the 30 per cent foreigners, 20 per cent are adults
and 10 per cent are children,” she said. 

There are other special charges for persons wishing to take still or moving pictures in the park. People taking still pictures are charged GH¢200 and GH¢500 for moving pictures. Revenue generated from the park is distributed between the Wildlife Division and the GHCR.

The Wildlife Division manages the reserve while GHCR takes care of some resources like the canopy way and the camp site.

The Kakum National Park has been established in 1932 and used for the last fifty years for thee extraction of timber.

Officially opened the park in 1994. USAID/Ghana provides institutional support to the Ghana Heritage Conservation Trust to ensure the sustainability of Kakum National Park. 

Located in Central Region of Ghana, about 20 kilometres north of Cape Coast and covers 360 square kilometres of Ghana’s rapidly dwindling rainforest.